MAPS OF EAST LOS ANGELES: PROPERTY CHANGING HANDS FROM VIGNES TO MOULTON — 1854-1891

"Baxter St. to the north, Hoover St. to the west, Lorena St. to the east, Jefferson to the south. Compare this map with... the same map printed four years later. Considerable development occurs during that period including additional public transportation lines. Printing process: lithography by Schmidt Label & Lith. Co., 21-31 Main St. S. F. and 15 Downey Block, Los Angeles, Cal. Copyright 1887."

TANGIBLE MEMORIES: Californians and their Gardens, 1800-1950, by Judith M. Taylor and Harry Morton Butterfield

"California may be the golden state but it is also a garden state. Innumerable gardens have been made since the Europeans first came, starting with the Franciscan missionaries. The gold rush was the defining period, leading to immense expenditures by newly rich miners."

LOS ANGELES IN THE 1850’S AS TOLD BY EARLY NEWSPAPERS, by Henry Winfred Splitter

"Its heart was sound, and its wood was, by virtue of its inherent nature, cross-grained and of the toughest kind. By conservative estimate the tree was at least sixty feet high, its general shape and proportion extremely graceful. Four feet above the ground the trunk measured twenty feet in circumference, and at a height of fifteen or twenty feet, it divided into several large branches which spread over an area some 200 feet in diameter."